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作文必备:清明节英语或英文怎么说?

时间: 2019-04-03 21:58来源:office办公达人 作者:office办公达人整理 阅读:
【导读】:清明节又叫踏青节,在仲春与暮春之交,也就是冬至后的第108天。是中国传统节日,也是最重要的祭祀节日之一,是祭祖和扫墓的日子。清明节及其相关活动英语或英文怎么说?

作文必备:清明节英语或英文怎么说?

Qingming Festival (also known as Pure Brightness Festival or Tomb-sweeping Day), which falls on either April 4th or 5th, is one of the Chinese Twenty-four Solar Terms. From that date temperatures begin to rise and rainfall increases, indicating that it is the crucial time for plowing and sowing in the spring. The festival therefore has a close relationship with agriculture. However, it is not only a seasonal symbol; it is also a day of paying respect to the dead, a spring outing, and other activities.

 

清明节,一般是在44日或5,是中国的二十四节气之一。从这个日子起,气温开始上升,降雨增加,它是春天至关重要的耕作和播种的时间。这个节日与农业有着密切的关系。然而,它不仅仅是一个季节的象征,也是祭奠祖先、春游,和其他活动的日子。

 

一、清明节英语的两种表达

 

清明节英语最常用的就是以下这两种表达方式,一种是清明的拼音加上节日的英语,属于直译;一种是意译Tomb-sweeping祭扫,表示清明节。

 

1.Qing Ming Festival清明节

 

2.Tomb-sweeping Day/Festival清明节

 

双语例句:

 

1.Qingming festival is one of the traditional Chinese festivals.

 

清明节是中国的传统节日之一。

 

2.The tradition of Qing Ming Festival is tomb-sweeping and visiting ancestral graves.

 

清明节的传统就是扫墓和祭拜先祖。

 

3.People pray before the tombstones, sweep the tombs, burn the incense and joss paper, and offer food of various kinds to the ancestors. The tradition can be traced back to over 2000 years ago in Spring and Autumn period.

 

人们在墓碑前祭拜/扫墓/烧香/烧纸钱/供奉各种食物等等。

 

二、清明节活动的英文表达

 

坟墓grave

 

焚香 burn incense

 

扫墓tomb-sweeping

 

放风筝 kite flying

 

网上葬礼 online funeral

 

网上悼念 online tribute

 

纸钱 hell note/joss paper

 

纪念碑 memorial tablet

 

烈士陵园 martyrs cemetery

 

网上祭扫 online tomb-sweeping

 

网络纪念馆 Internet memorial

 

祭祖/上供offer sacrifices to ancestors

 

清明扫墓pay respects to a dead person at his tomb on Qingming

 

清明祭扫mourn one's ancestors on Qingming, the traditional festival falling on 5th April

 

三、古代清明节是什么样的

 

In ancient times, people celebrated Qing Ming Jie with dancing, singing, picnics, and kite flying. Colored boiled eggs would be broken to symbolize the opening of life. In the capital, the Emperor would plant trees on the palace grounds to celebrate the renewing nature of spring. In the villages, young men and women would court each other.

 

在古代,人们跳舞、唱歌、野餐和放风筝来庆祝清明节。彩色的煮蛋被打破,象征着生命的开始。在首都,皇帝会在宫殿的庭院植树以庆祝春天的更新。在村庄里,年轻男女会互相朝拜。

 

四、清明节的由来

 

It is said that the Qingming Festival was originally held to honor a loyal man living in the Spring and Autumn Period (770 - 476 BC), named Jie Zitui. Jie cut a piece of meat from his own leg in order to save his hungry lord who was forced to go into exile when the crown was in danger.

 

据说清明节是为了纪念一个在春秋时期(公元前770-476年)的忠臣,名叫介子推。介子推为了救重耳-被迫流亡的君主,从自己腿上割下了一块肉,用火烤熟了就送给重耳吃。

 

The lord came back to his position nineteen years later, and forgot Jie Zitui but later felt ashamed and decided to reward him. However, Jie had blocked himself up in a mountain with his mother.

 

19年后,重耳重新当上了国王,但他把介子推给忘记了。但后来他感到非常羞愧,决定奖赏他。然而,介子推却和他的母亲一起隐居山中,拒绝接受重耳的奖赏。

 

In order to find Jie, the lord ordered that the mountain should be set on fire. Later Jie was found dead with his mother. In order to honor Jie, the lord ordered that the day Jie died was Hanshi (Cold Food) Festival - the day that only cold food could be eaten.

 

为了找到介子推,重耳命令在山上放火。后来人们发现介子推和他的母亲被火烧死了死了。为了纪念介子推,重耳下令,介子推死的那天是寒食节—那天人们只能吃生冷的食物。

 

The second year, when the lord went to the mountain to sacrifice to Jie, he found willows revived, so he gave instructions that the day after Hanshi Festival was to be Qingming Festival. Later, the two festivals were combined as one.

 

第二年,当重耳去山上祭祀介子推时,他发现柳树复活了,于是他命令在寒食节的第二天为清明节。后来,这两个节日合为一体。

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